Jacob Hubler at age 30 came to
along with his wife, Anna Barbara age 25, and three children: Anna
Barbara age 3 years, Anna Maria age 2 years, and Francis (Frantz) age 3 months.
They arrived onboard the English Ship Elizabeth at the
on August 27, 1733. The Jacob Hubler family came from
in what is now southeast
, but they boarded the ship in the
in the spring of 1733. Jacob's quest to America was part of a mass exodus from the
Palatine Area during the early 1700's. Jacob is the original ancestor of the current Jacob
Hoobler Branch and the first German immigrant to have his name recorded as
"Hoobler". After arrival, Jacob and Anna had two additional children;
Johannes John Sr. born between 1735 and 1739 and Anna Margareth born July 27,
(German) Emigration to Pennsylvania)
from Germany on the next page;
(Read more about the Exodus
The Hubler name is of Bavarian-Tyrol origin (southeast
. The name in English means "hill", or literally "from a
dwelling place (or small farm) on a hill". Jacobís German name was
spelled "Hubler", but in
it became "Hoobler". This happened because it was very common in
those days not to be able to read or write. Jacob could only sign his name
with a block letter "H". The shipís logger at
recorded the name around Jacobís mark as Jacob Koobler. Upon
, it was corrected to "Hoobler". However, depending upon
the source, both spelling of Jacobs name was interchanged until the 1830s.
Where Jacobís naturalization papers were required (land records, wills, and
other legal records outside the Pennsylvania German settlement), the spelling as
Hoobler is recorded. But on less formal records (church and tax records
recorded inside the Pennsylvania German settlement) the spelling Hubler is
It should be noted that between 1700 and 1850 there was never an immigrant
passenger with the name "Hoobler" recorded in any Ship Logs. As
clarified above the German spelling of Hoobler is Hubler (or huber) and the
spelling only became Hoobler after the immigrants landed in
and due to the predominance of English language speaking Scribes, Clerks
and Record- keepers that transcribe the names as passengers arrived.
The journey from central Europe to
was long and hazardous. It could take from first spring until the end of
summer to make the journey. Jacob and his family would have had to make
their way to the nearest river that flowed into the
There they could catch a barge or boat to take them to the
then was divided into several independent provinces with their own Kings and
foreign policy. Consequently a journey to
meant many forced stops along the way for searches and paying tariffs.
When they finally made it to
, they would have to wait for days if not weeks for the next available ship for
passage across the
. When an English ship could board them, it would stop at
for fresh provisions to sustain approximately 200 or more people crowded on the
ship. Finally, after leaving
there was no guarantee for favorable winds. They could sit off the
again for days or weeks before favorable winds could carry them out to sea.
The Atlantic crossing could be as short as three weeks or as long as 3 months.
No matter, food would spoil quickly if not run out completely on the longer
voyages. Water would spoil, being infested with worms.
Overcrowding made ship conditions horrible with communicable diseases spreading
easily. It was recorded that 16 children died on Jacobís voyage. The low
number must mean the voyage wasn't one of the longer ones.
Upon arrival in
required that German speaking immigrants take an immediate oath to the King.
After that, Jacob would have himself bound into indentured servitude to pay for
his fare across the
. Jacob and his family would have to work at the buyerís home or farm to pay
off their debt under a four-year contract. This practice, known as
redemptionism, was not a hardship. Protected by law, they were well
treated by the buyer who was required to shelter, feed, and give aid while
serving out their contract. They would even eat with the buyer at
the same table. At the end of their service, Jacob and Barbara would have been
awarded means to be on their own. In August of 1737, Jacob is recorded to
have completed his obligation.
In that same month (August 1737), Jacob quickly claimed 200 acres
of land in the newly acquired
from the Indians just northwest of
It is located today in Jefferson Township of Berks County about 1Ĺ mile
east of Rehrersburg and 1 mile west of New Shaefferstown. The
New Shaefferstown Road
4016) runs through Jacobís property today as it has since 1749. In 1739,
his land was re-surveyed for 191 acres. Finally, on January 31, 1752,
Jacob was issued a patent (original owner deed) for the amount of "52
Following German farm skills, Jacobís first order of business
after claiming his land was to painstakingly clear it of all trees and brush,
leaving no tree stumps or roots in the ground that was to be plowed. This
would make the land fit and ready for cultivation after the winter.
The next order of business would be to build a barn. This would be done
before any thought of building a permanent home for his family. Then a
temporary home would be built with logs. A more permanent home would take
years, made of rock and wood. Usually, it would take two generations to
erect a permanent family homestead.
In 1753, Jacob began appearing on the
tax records. No other Hubler (or Hoobler) appears on these records until
1760 when the name Johannes Hubler (Hoobler) appears next to Jacob. In 1762,
Frantz Hubler begins to appear on these tax records. From the 1740ís
through the 1790ís, three generations of the Hubler (Hoobler) family appear in
church records of the reverend John Casper Stover and H. William Stoy.
Jacob & Barbara sponsored their grandchildren and neighborís children at
baptisms, and their own children being married. They were members of the
German Reformed Church. Today this church is merged into the United Church
of Christ. Most of these church records come from the
which is still located today just around Summer Hill about 1Ĺ miles south of
Jacobís farm. The church is now named the
The strict honesty that William Penn and his successors had
dealing with Native Americans let
pioneers live peaceably on their land. Native Americans moved gradually
and peacefully to the other side of the Blue Mountains of the
. But this would all change when war broke out between
in Europe (the Seven Years War) and carried over into
(the French & Indian War). The frontier settlements out in the
were vulnerable to Native Americans influenced by the French. From 1754 to
1763, defenseless farms were attacked in search and destroy type raids with all
the horrors that involve Indian warfare. Jacob Hoobler had the unfortunate
task of being executor of the will of Peter Keysinger who was the first to be
killed by an Indian raid while plowing his field in June of 1754.
Tragically, Jacobís own son, Frantz and his family were one of the last to be
attacked in September of 1763. Frantz survived the attack and one child
was still listed alive after being scalped, but two other children were dead,
and his wife,
and 3 other children were kidnapped.
When the Revolutionary War broke out in 1776, the Jacob Hoobler
family was contributing patriots to the cause. In 1777, the
Pennsylvania Province Legislature recorded oaths of allegiance. Jacob, Johannes,
and Adam Hoobler (father, son, and grandson respectively) were recorded taking
the oath. Johannes is recorded on the muster roll of Capt. George Miller
of the Berks County Militia from Tulpehocken on duty at the Battle of South
Amboy, Long Island in Sept; 1776. In the oral tradition of Margaret
Hoobler-Bair family (granddaughter of Johannes), the Hooblers contributed
supplies to the Continental Army.
There isnít any record of Jacob or Barbaraís death.
The church cemeteries that surround Jacobís land show no markers standing
prior to the 1820ís. Any marker standing before the 1830ís is
unreadable. Today areas of unmarked graves, lost forever, stand out
amongst the newer markers. We can only speculate on what records are left.
In 1785, Jacob for the first time appears as a godparent of a neighborís
grandchild without Barbara. It is possible that Barbara was deceased by
this date. And Jacob appears for the last time in the 1789
tax list and not in any later list. Possibly he died later in 1789 or
1790. Unless other records appear, we can never know for sure.
The Known Children of Jacob & Anna Barbara Hubler are:
Anna Barbara Hoobler
was born 1730. She married Johan (John) Schopp October 15, 1753. 3 known
children are: Johann Nicolaus Schopp was born December 10, 1759. Johann Jacob
Schopp was born January 7, 1770. Anna Maria Schopp was born May 1, 1772.
Anna Maria Hoobler
was born 1732. She married Jost Derr who died in 1789.
Brother-in-law Johannes Hoobler was executor of his will. At least 6 children:
Anna Barbara Derr was born September 29, 1769. Johann H. B. Derr was born
September 24, 1772. Ludwig Derr was born May 4, 1774. Three additioanl children
listed on Jostís will: Elizabeth Derr, Catherine Derr, and Margaret Derr.
Francis (Frantz) Hoobler
was born May 1733. He first married Carolina Keender, daughter of Johannes
Keender on 1 May 1757. Her father was recorded as deceased at the time of their
wedding. Frantz & Carolina had at least 6 children, one known name: Barbara
Hoobler was born July 13, 1760. Indians attacked Frantz in 1763, killing
his wife and children (possibly one child survived). Frantz apparently
remarried with a childbirth recorded in 1768, a daughter, Julianna Hoobler was
born April 14, 1768. His new wife was not named. Frantz moved off his
fatherís farm in the 1760s to
In the 1790s he moved across the Blue Mountains into
It is believe his family adapted the correct German spelling of Hubler
since his fatherís naturalization papers did not bind him, from living on his
Johannes (John) Hoobler Sr.
was born circa 1735-1739. Johannes
(John) Hoobler Sr. continued
Anna Margareth Hoobler was
born July 27, 1746. She married Bernhardt Heu. At least 5 children: Johan George
Heu was born 1771. Frederich Heu was born 1776. Elizabeth Heu was born 1783.
Jacob Heuwas born October 1786. Catherine Elizabeth Heu was born April 1,
Johannes (John) Hoobler Sr. was apparently the first in the Hoobler
family to be born in
There is no record of his birth in the Tulpehocken area church
records (though a lot of records are missing). It may be that he was born
while his father was under indentured servitude between 1733 and 1737, at a
location yet to be determined around
The first record of Johannes appears in 1760
tax list from Tulpehocken. It abnormally states that he is "married".
From church records, we know his wifeís name was Anna Margaretha (Margaret).
Judging from the 1790 census record, they had at least 9 children.
With his older brother, Frantz, off on his own
in 1760ís and then in
from the 1770ís), Johannes became head of the Hoobler farm in Jacobís elder
years and after his passing. Johannes appears on
tax lists along with Jacob from 1760 to 1789. On the 1764 tax list, Jacob
and Johannes appear jointly on the same record. From 1790-1794, Johannes
appears on the tax lists but without Jacob.
During the American Revolution, Johannes was a
volunteer from Tulpehocken in the Pennsylvania Militia, 6th
Battalion, 3rd Company from
The Militia was not part of the Continental Army of George Washington,
but a reserve force much like todayís National Guard, called into active duty
only when needed. Johannesí name appears on the muster roll of this
company on duty at the Battle of South Amboy,
in September of 1776. This was first battle that the British got serious
with the colonials after the Declaration of Independence in July earlier that
year. George Washington called up all the Militia forces in the area of
to repel the British reinforcements that landed at
. This proved to be unsuccessful as this initial British advancement went
New York City
all the way to
by the spring of 1777.
But Johannes volunteered again in June of 1780
to serve until July of 1781. Unfortunately, many revolutionary war records
are missing today. And for Johannes, no other records have survived about
his service during the war. Consequently, the Pennsylvania State Archives
list his record as "inactive".
In the early spring of 1795, Johannes and his
childrenís families moved west about 75 miles to the beautiful
south of the settlement of Blain in Toboyne Township of Cumberland County.
Today this is in
of Perry County, Pa. Johannes purchased 66Ĺ acres while his childrenís
families purchased land nearby.
After Margaretís death, possibly in 1799,
Johannes would sell his land in April of 1800 to a Frederick Briner and move in
with his eldest son, Adam. Johannes does not appear on the 1800 census.
But on son Adamís census record, an elder male appears. This elder male
appears on Adamís census records through to 1820.
In the spring of 1813, the Johannes Hoobler
family would split up for the first time. Three of his sons, Adam (probably
along with Johannes), John Jr., and Michael would buy new land in
One son, Jacob, remained in
where he died in July of 1814.
The last positive record of Johannes is in the
probate records of his son, Jacob, in 1815.
But if Johannes is the elder male that appears
in Adam Hooblerís census records, then Johannes was living until at least June
of 1820. In the family tradition of son Jacobís line, it was always
believed that Johannes had died in
His grave has not been located as all graves
before the 1830ís are difficult to find. If he was living with Adam, it
is possible that his grave is now unmarked near Adamís grave at
Known Children of Johannes & Margaret Hoobler are:
Adam (Johannes Adam) Hoobler was born September 30, 1761. See
Hoobler 1761 page.
Johannes (John) Hoobler Jr. was born circa 1765. See Johannes
John Hoobler Jr 1765 page.
Michael Hoobler was born March 3, 1767 and died May 15, 1849 in
He married Margaret. She was born January 31, 1773 and died Febuary 24,
1853. Michaelís family came with Adamís and John Jr.ís families to
in 1813. By 1815, Michael was firmly established just south of
Michael & Margaret are buried in
. Some of his childrenís names: George Hoobler, Susanna Hoobler, Polly Hoobler,
and Martin Hoobler.
Jacob Hoobler I was born 1775. See Jacob Hoobler I 1775 page.
Catharina Hoobler was born January 26, 1775 (No other information).
Maria Barbara was born Febuary 19, 1778 (No other information).
Anna Maria Hoobler was born March 19, 1785 (No other information).
(Our thanks to Gene R. Hoobler for the research, chronology and the writing of
1 Berks County Tax Records, Berks County Historical
Society, Reading, Pa.
2 Berks County Church Records of the 18th Century, vols. 3 & 4, the
records of Host Church; Family Line Publications, Westminster, Md. (1993)
3 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, vol. XIII and vol. XVIII,
Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
4 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, vol. V, p. 153, 223.
Morton L. Montgomery, History of
in the Revolution, p. 106 (1895). Raymond E. Hollenbach, Berks
in the merican Revolution, Berks County Genealogical Society, (1986).
(Again, our thanks to Gene R. Hoobler for the research, chronology
and the writing of this page)
Published Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, vol. 1, p. 111,
Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
2 Hans Bahlow, Dictionary of German Names, translated by Edda Gentry, Max
Kade Institute for German-American Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison,
Wisconsin, 1993. Also George F. Jones, German American Names, 2nd Ed.,
Genealogical Publishing Co.,
3 Oscar Kuhns, The German and Swiss Settlements of Colonial Pennsylvania,
Henry Holt & Co. 1900, reprinted 1989 Heritage Books Inc.,
Also Ralph B. Straussburger, Pennsylvania German Names, vol. 1,
Introduction pp. xxxiii-xxxviii, Pennsylvania German Society, 1934.
4 To be advised.
5 Warrant No. 5, Lancaster County, Pa. Survey Book C07, p. 222, Pennsylvania
State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
6 Warrant No. 204, Lancaster County, Pa. Survey Book C76, p. 117, Pennsylvania
State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
7 "Patent to Jacob Hoobler", Patents Book A17, p. 55, Lacanster
County, Pa., Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
8 Berks County Church Records of the 18th Century, vols. 3 & 4,
Family Line Publications, Westminster, Md., 1993
9 "Will of Peter Kysinger", Books of Administration, vol. 1, p. 73,
Berks County Courthouse, Reading, Pa.
10 Morton L. Montgomery, History of Berks County, Pa., p. 130, 1890.
11 Ibid. pp. 133-136.
12 "Oaths of Allegiance Taken by Berks County, Berks County Historical
Society, Reading, Pa.
13 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, vol. V, p. 153, 223.
Morton L. Montgomery, History of
In the Revolution, p.106. Raymond E. Hollenbach, Berks County Soldiers in
the American Revolution, Berks Co. Genealogical Society, 1986.
14 Mrs. Zola McCutcheon to Mrs. Guiles Flowers, 1923, "Flowers File",
Mrs. Flowers did research for Mrs. McCutcheon, who was a granddaughter of